Present Simple (I do) — Oddiy hozirgi zamon

Abituriyent ruxsatnomasi 2022 yuklab olish:

Present Simple (I do) — Oddiy hozirgi zamon (Umumlashtiramiz!)

※ study this situation:

🔰Aziz is a taxi driver. 🚕 But now he is asleep in bed. 🛌 😴 So: He is not driving a car (he is asleep). But:
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🔰Aziz taksi haydovchisi. Lekin hozir u divanida uxlamoqda. Demak, u hozir mashina haydagani yo’q (u uxlamoqda):

• He drives a car. 🚕 — U mashina haydaydi. 👈this is the present simple tense.

I/we/you/they + drive
he/she/(it) + drives

🔰We use the present simple to talk about things in general. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general.
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🔰Biz hozirgi oddiy zamonni narsalarni umumiy aytish uchun ishlatamiz. Biz bu zamonni biror narsa doimiy yoki takror sodir bo’lganda, yo biror narsa umuman to’g’ri (inkor qilib bo’lmas) bo’lganda ishlatamiz.

Misollar 📋 Examples:

— The earth 🌍 goes round the sun 🌞
— Yer quyosh atrofida aylanadi

— Nurses 👩🏻‍⚕🧑🏼‍⚕ look after patients in hospitals 🏥
— Hamshiralar bemorlarga shifoxonalarda g’amxo’rlik qiladilar

❗️Remember that we say he/she/it -s — Don’t forget the s:
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⚠️Yodda tuting birlikdagi otlar bilan kelgan so’zlarga -s qo’shiladi:

— I work in a bank.🏦 Sherzod works in a shop 💒
— Men bankda ishlayman. Sherzod do’konda ishlaydi

🔰We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:
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🔰Biz do/does’ni so’roq va inkor gap yasash uchun foydalanamiz:

do + I/we/you/they + work?
does + he/she/it + work?

I/we/you/they + don’t + work
he/she/it + doesn’t + work

Misollar 📋 Examples:

— Do you speak English?
— Ingliz tilida gaplashasizmi?

— I don’t smoke 🚬🚫
— Men chekmayman

— Rice doesn’t grow in Britain 🍚
— Britaniyada guruch (ya’ni sholi) o’smaydi

🔰We use the present simple when we say how often we do things:
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🔰Biz hozirgi oddiy zamonni biror narsani qancha vaqtda qilishimizni aytish uchun ham ishlatamiz:

Misollar 📋 Examples:

— In summer Zilola usually plays tennis twice a week 🎾
— Zilola yozda haftada ikki marta tennis o’ynaydi

— Anvar doesn’t often drink coffee ☕️
— Anvar odatda kofe ichmaydi

※ when you make a suggestion (taklif berayotganda), you can say «Why don’t you …?»

— «I’m tired.»😑 «Why don’t you go to bed early?»🛏
— «Charchadim» «Nega ertaroq uxlamaysan?» (ertaroq uxlasang bo’ladiku)

Javob qoldiring:

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